Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. It is most common in areas where there are poor standards of hygiene and where food and water supplies are vulnerable to contamination. It is thought that there are 21 million cases each year of typhoid and the majority of cases occur in Asia, Africa and Latin/South America.
Typhoid fever causes abdominal pain, loss of appetite, constipation or diarrhoea, and can lead to intestinal perforation and meningitis which can be fatal.
Typhoid is a vaccine-preventable disease. The vaccination is either a single injection (Typhim), or a course of 3 tablets (Vivotif) given on alterative days. Typhoid vaccination is also available in combination with Hepatitis A (Viatim) for individuals over 16 years of age.
The typhoid vaccination is suitable for anyone over the age of 2 years old (6 years old for tablets) travelling to an area of risk. A booster dose is advised every three years for those travellers who are continued risk of Typhoid.
If you’re not sure of whether you need a Typhoid vaccination, please visit our country vaccination guide to find out more, or call us for more advice.
Travellers should still exercise caution with food and water by:-
Fleet Street Travel Clinic is a specialist vaccine clinic in London. We stock all vaccines and offer expert travel advice from our experienced medical staff.
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